There is limited capacity geographically and physically to deliver CAR T-cell therapy in the UK. This means treatment is prioritised on a case-by-case basis.
Increasing numbers of patients are being referred out of their local area, often involving expensive journeys and a challenging experience.
Lymphoma Action is collaborating with five treatment centres in Sheffield, Nottingham, Oxford, Southampton and Plymouth, where the current referral pathway for patients is difficult. We are jointly writing to NHS England to express concern about the current commissioning arrangements for the delivery of CAR T cell therapy.
CAR T-cell therapy has been big news recently, particularly after the screening in July of the BBC’s documentary ‘War in the Blood’. This followed two people with leukaemia who were involved in the early first clinical trials of CAR T-cell therapy.
CAR T-cell therapy is a new type of treatment that is licensed for people with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) who have had at least two previous courses of unsuccessful treatment.
Although CAR T-cell therapy is approved for use on the NHS in England and Wales, it can only be given in hospitals with the facilities and staff to deliver it safely including the treatment of the sometimes very serious side effects. At present only seven centres in the UK are licensed to provide CAR T-cell therapy, with three further centres going through the accreditation process.
There are also limited manufacturing sites that carry out the genetic modification required to make CAR T-cells. At the moment, these are all in the USA, which means there is worldwide competition for ‘manufacturing slots’ that can lead to delays in treatment.
These issues mean there is currently not sufficient capacity for everybody who is eligible for CAR T-cell therapy to have it. Even people who are approved for treatment might have to travel very long distances to have it.
In the short-term, people who are eligible for CAR T-cell therapy are referred to a National CAR T cell therapy Clinical Panel (NCCP), which prioritises cases on an individual basis.
As more treatment centres and manufacturing centres become available, we hope access to CAR T-cell therapy will improve.
A very limited number of people may be able to access CAR T-cell therapy through a clinical trial. To find out more about clinical trials for lymphoma, or to search for a trial that might be suitable for you, visit Lymphoma TrialsLink.
12 August 2019